Arabica e Conilon/ Arabica and Conilon

Minas Gerais é o principal estado produtor e exportador de café do Brasil, com a maior parte da produção do país. Com lavouras quase 100% formadas por café arábica, as regiões Sul e Sudeste se destacam, sendo responsáveis por 29,5% da produção nacional em 2017.

O arábica tem 44 cromossomos, que conferem ao café diferentes nuances e sabores, o conilon tem apenas 22, com menos peculiaridades.

O arábica produz uma bebida suave, conhecida pelo seu caráter mais refinado. As nuances de sabores proporcionam também diferentes doçuras e acidez, resultando nos chamados cafés ‘gourmet’, que podem ser puros ou em blends. Já o conilon resulta na bebida dura, que geralmente é utilizado em blends, muito consumidos na maioria dos lares brasileiros.

Mais adocicado, o arábica tem um teor de 6 a 9% de açúcar, contra 3 a 7% do conilon. O teor de cafeína, no entanto, é mais baixo, com 1,2% em média contra 2,2% do robusta. Esses indíces interferem diretamente no sabor, já que conferem ao segundo um amargor maior.

 

Minas Gerais is the main state producing and exporting coffee from Brazil, with most of the country’s production. With almost 100% of Arabica coffee plantations, the South and Southeast regions stand out, accounting for 29.5% of the national production in 2017.

Arabica has 44 chromosomes, which give the coffee different nuances and flavors, the conilon has only 22, with less peculiarities.

Arabica produces a soft drink, known for its refined character. The nuances of flavors also provide different sweetness and acidity, resulting in so-called ‘gourmet’ coffees, which can be pure or blended. The conilon, however, results in the hard drink, which is usually used in blends, much consumed in most Brazilian households.

Sweeter, the Arabica has a content of 6 to 9% of sugar, against 3 to 7% of the conilon. The caffeine content, however, is lower, with 1.2% on average versus 2.2% on robusta. These indices directly interfere with the taste, since they give the second a greater bitterness.

Apri Exportation

Brazilian exports in April, up to 06, totaled 96,218 coffee bags (daily average of 16,363 bags), dropping 60.65% compared to 244,544 bags in the same period of the previous month.

According to information from Cecafé (Council of Coffee Exporters of Brazil) 88,151 bags are referred to arabica coffee, zero bags of conillon and 8,067 bags referring to soluble.

Also up to June 06, Cecafé registered the issuance of 286,986 certificates of origin, down 46.5% over the previous month, of which 286,986 bags are related to arabica, 15,791 bags of conillon and 48,251 bags of solubility.